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[Comment] Health effects of nuclear weapons testing

Nuclear weapons were virtually unknown to the world before Aug 6, 1945, when the first atomic bomb was used against Japan in Hiroshima and the second 3 days later in Nagasaki. The 70th anniversary of this event is marked in the Lancet Series From Hiroshima and Nagasaki to Fukushima.1–3 The legacy of the atomic bomb extended far beyond Japan with atomic weapons testing programmes conducted worldwide for the next three and a half decades. Just 3 weeks before the atomic bomb attacks on Japan, the first nuclear explosion in history had taken place in secrecy in the desert of New Mexico, USA, when scientists working for the Manhattan Project tested the experimental nuclear bomb codenamed Trinity.

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