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[Comment] Improving HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis for infants

The past 50 years have seen the scale-up of interventions to improve the social determinants of health, including recent programmes for prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV and to increase access to antiretroviral therapy (ART)—such programmes have decreased infant and child deaths and paediatric HIV infections worldwide.1 Major attributable risk factors for preventable deaths are HIV prevalence in adults aged 15–49 years, out-of-pocket health expenditure, and poor access to sanitation.

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