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[Comment] Late preterm rupture of membranes: it pays to wait

In contrast to previous assumptions, there is increasing evidence that being born in the late preterm period—between 34 and 36 weeks gestation—is associated with important long-term adverse effects. Several adverse outcomes have been reported, including cerebral palsy, more hospital admissions in early childhood, lower childhood height, asthma, limiting long-term illness, and poorer educational attainment.1–3 Findings from studies show a gradient of health outcomes with decreasing gestation.1 An estimated 4–5% of infants are born at 34–36 weeks,2,3 and 30% of preterm births follow pre-labour rupture of the membranes.