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[Comment] Why are people living with HIV still dying of tuberculosis?

Tuberculosis and HIV have been seen as intertwined since the earliest report of AIDS more than 30 years ago.1 Despite the remarkable success of the expansion of access to antiretroviral therapy, deaths due to HIV-related tuberculosis remain common. WHO estimated the number of such deaths to be 0·4 million in 2014.2 This number is not straightforward to estimate. The more clinicians test for tuberculosis in patients with advanced HIV, the more patients with tuberculosis they find.3 Yet the introduction of more sensitive diagnostic tools has not reduced mortality.

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