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[Correspondence] Changing oral vaccine to inactivated polio vaccine might increase mortality

We, the undersigned, write as physicians and scientists committed to optimising the beneficial effects of vaccines to reduce infant mortality worldwide. In settings with high childhood mortality, live vaccines such as oral polio vaccine (OPV), BCG vaccine, and measles vaccine might have heterologous (non-specific) effects that reduce mortality from diseases other than poliomyelitis, tuberculosis, and measles, respectively, whereas inactivated vaccines might increase all-cause mortality.1 The importance of these effects is controversial.

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