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[Correspondence] Cuba: defeating mother-to-child transmission of syphilis

The Lancet Editors (July 11, p104)1 recently commented on successes in Cuba in elimination of mother-to-child transmission of HIV infection as a public health threat; however, this Editorial neglected to address the important point that this was a dual effort to validate the elimination of mother-to-child transmission of both HIV infection and syphilis. WHO certified that Cuba had eliminated mother-to-child transmission not only of HIV, but also of syphilis. We were not surprised that The Lancet would omit one of the most neglected, but still common, sexually transmitted infections.