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[Correspondence] HPV vaccination crisis in Japan

Free vaccination against the human papillomavirus (HPV) began in December, 2010, for Japanese girls aged 12–16 years and since April, 2013, the vaccine was included in the national immunisation programme. However, in June, 2013, the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour, and Welfare suspended proactive recommendations for the HPV vaccine after unconfirmed reports of adverse events following vaccination appeared in the media.1 In January, 2014, the Vaccine Adverse Reactions Review Committee investigating these adverse events concluded that there was no evidence to suggest a causal association between the HPV vaccine and the reported adverse events after vaccination, but they still did not reinstate proactive recommendations for its use.