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[Perspectives] Beyond Bazalgette: 150 years of sanitation

In 1871, the Prince of Wales fell ill with typhoid fever while staying at Londesborough Lodge, near Scarborough, UK. Over the next 2 months his illness, and the sanitary arrangements at Londesborough and Sandringham, became the subject of intense public scrutiny. According to The Lancet, Londesborough was most likely at fault, being in effect “placed at the summit of a great length of sewer”, with drains so inadequate that a “faint and deadly influence might have pervaded the whole house, or burst out of the closet” used by the Prince himself.