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Providing a lifeline for rural doctors

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Telemedicine programs are often designed to meet the needs of specialists rather than rural doctors

Australia has almost twice as many small rural hospital-based emergency facilities as designated emergency departments.1 They see 16% of Australia’s emergency patient presentations, or almost 1.3 million presentations each year.1 Although small rural facilities are tasked with managing mainly minor injury and illness, they also treat patients with complex and time critical problems.2 These facilities are staffed by nurses alone, or by junior doctors, general practitioners or rural generalists. Rural doctors often have specific training for rural emergency medicine, and they usually have more years of experience than junior doctors who treat most patients in urban emergency departments. What they lack is immediate access to onsite specialist advice.

Tertiary specialty units that receive patients from rural areas are often aware of this deficit. Concerned about the poor outcomes for their rural patients (although rural–urban outcome research is often confounded by hard-to-control-for factors3), some have created systems to provide a lifeline for early advice and support. A recent systematic review4 described tele-emergency programs that provide support for…