Research methods of Talking About The Smokes: an International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Project study with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians
Australia is a world leader in tobacco control and in reducing its national smoking prevalence. However, 42% of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians aged 15 years or older were daily smokers in 2012–2013 — 2.6 times the age-standardised prevalence among other Australians.1 Tobacco smoking was responsible for 20% of deaths and 12% of the total burden of disease in the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population, and 17% of the health gap with other Australians in 2003.2,3
In response, community and government attention to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander tobacco control has increased in recent years, including increased government funding.4 It is important to understand what is assisting Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander smokers to quit, both to evaluate the impact of current tobacco control efforts and to identify new strategies.
The International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Project (ITC Project) was established in 2002 to assess the effectiveness of national policy provisions in the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control.5,6 ITC Project studies have been undertaken in more than 20 countries, following up nationally…