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[Seminar] Iron deficiency anaemia

Anaemia affects roughly a third of the world’s population; half the cases are due to iron deficiency. It is a major and global public health problem that affects maternal and child mortality, physical performance, and referral to health-care professionals. Children aged 0–5 years, women of childbearing age, and pregnant women are particularly at risk. Several chronic diseases are frequently associated with iron deficiency anaemia—notably chronic kidney disease, chronic heart failure, cancer, and inflammatory bowel disease.