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A systematic approach to chronic heart failure care: a consensus statement

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Chronic heart failure (CHF) remains a major public health problem. CHF is not a static syndrome; individuals with CHF are at high risk of progressive cardiac dysfunction resulting in either sudden cardiac death or acute hospitalisation. Despite significant advances in CHF management, clinical outcomes are poor and associated with escalating health care costs.1 Worldwide, there are an estimated 23 million people living with CHF and 5.7 million new cases each year.2 With limited Australian data available, the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare has used overseas rates to suggest that 30 000 patients are diagnosed with incident heart failure annually and 300 000 people are living with CHF in Australia.3 The prevalence of CHF continues to rise as the population ages and survival from cardiovascular disease continues to improve.

Between 2006 and 2011, deaths from CHF in Australia rose by 20%.4 CHF prognosis remains poorer than that for common forms of cancer (in terms of individual survival and population life-years lost) for men and women.5,6 Hospital separations for CHF increased by 24% between 2002–03 and 2011–12.7 In the 2007–08 financial year, CHF was a primary…