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[Case Report] Hepatitis C viraemia after apparent spontaneous clearance in a vertically infected child

A 3-month-old boy born to a mother with chronic hepatitis C was referred to our hospital in August, 2007, to be screened for vertical transmission of the infection. He was found to be positive for hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA with high plasma viral load (figure; appendix) and negative for hepatitis B surface antigen and HIV antibodies. He was given a diagnosis of HCV infection and started on routine follow-up, with 3-monthly blood tests in the first year of life and then 6-monthly blood tests, but no treatment in view of his young age.