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[Comment] African Americans, HIV, and mass incarceration

The disproportionate rates of HIV infection among African Americans are perplexing. In 2014, about 44% of new HIV infections and 48% of AIDS diagnoses in the USA were among African Americans, although they represent just 12% of the overall population.1 The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports, in 2016, that the HIV incidence rate for black men is more than six times that of white men, and more than twice that of Hispanic men.2 The HIV incidence rate for black women is 20 times that of white women, and nearly five times that of Hispanic women.