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[Comment] Childhood mortality during conflicts in Africa

The International humanitarian law differentiates two types of armed conflicts: international (between states) and non-international (domestic).1 Since 1989, 75% of non-state armed conflicts have been in Africa.2 Children and women bear most of the burden of these events. Childhood deaths due to conflicts present a real threat to the achievement of the global target of ending preventable deaths of children by 2030.3 Despite the link between armed conflicts and direct deaths (combat-related) and indirect deaths (excess mortality because of worsening health disparities and disruption of basic health services), most assessments of childhood deaths done to date have not explicitly incorporated the effect of conflicts on child survival.

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