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[Comment] Educating religious leaders to create demand for medical male circumcision

Incident HIV infections reflect the inadequacy of prevention strategies, and the failure to adequately use proven effective interventions. Following compelling evidence from three independent community trials in South Africa, Uganda, and Kenya,1–4 WHO and the Joint UN Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) recommended that voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) should be part of a comprehensive HIV prevention strategy for heterosexually acquired infection among men.5 The eastern, central, and southern African countries have been prioritised for scaling up this intervention because of the high HIV burden and low prevalence of male circumcision in these countries.