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[Comment] Gut microbiome and necrotising enterocolitis: time for intervention?

Despite improvements in neonatal intensive care, the birthweight-specific incidence of necrotising enterocolitis has not changed over the past three decades. However, the total burden of disease is increasing because of increased survival of very low birthweight infants. Mortality remains high and complications include post-surgical short bowel syndrome and its outcomes (prolonged dependence on total parenteral nutrition, recurrent infections, poor growth, and liver failure), long hospital stays, and long-term neurodevelopmental impairments.