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[Comment] Is screening for the psychological effects of war useful?

The extensive documentation of the psychological injuries arising as a consequence of conflict in the Middle East1 highlights the crucial need to establish how this morbidity can be minimised and prevented. A 2014 report from the Institute of Medicine2 recommended only one evidence-based intervention: mental health screening. The USA, Canada, the Netherlands, and Australia use the approach of post-deployment screening.3 However, debate about the benefit of post-deployment screening is ongoing.4