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[Comment] Medical genetics in Israel’s diverse population

Medical genetics in Israel reflects its ethnically diverse population. The Israeli population of 8·46 million is comprised of 75% Jews and 21% Arabs, including 4% Bedouins (a historically nomadic group).1 Israeli Arabs are largely Muslim (83%), with Christian Arab (9%) and Druze (8%) minorities.1 The genetic landscape of these different ethnic groups has been shaped by their history and cultural practices. Israeli Jews, who are mainly urban, can usually trace their ancestry to specific Jewish communities, broadly classified as Ashkenazi (European) and Mizrahi or non-Ashkenazi (according to country of origin).