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[Comment] Offline: Medicine’s precarious place in the history of humanity

“Why did Homo sapiens survive and gain mastery of the world?” So asks an illuminating exhibition at Jerusalem’s Israel Museum (continuing to January, 2016). Celebrating its 50th anniversary this year, the museum took Yuval Harari’s bestselling book, Sapiens: A Brief History of Humankind, and drew on its own extensive collection of objects to tell one version of that story. The exhibition sets out four revolutions in human history—cognitive, agricultural, industrial, and scientific. The cognitive revolution (the advent of language and communication) is signified by a single anatomical structure—the hyoid bone.