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[Comment] Pneumonia: a global cause without champions

Every 2 min three children will die from pneumonia, the leading infectious cause of child mortality globally, killing more children than diarrhoea and malaria combined.1 In 2016, the disease killed an estimated 880 000 children.2 Most were younger than 2 years old. Almost all pneumonia deaths could be prevented through vaccination or early diagnosis and treatment with antibiotics costing less than US$0·50. Yet childhood pneumonia deaths are falling far more slowly than other major killers. On current trends, there will be 735 000 pneumonia deaths in 20303—the target date for achieving Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 3 target 3.2 of ”ending preventable child deaths”.

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