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[Comment] Tackling antimicrobial resistance in France

Antimicrobial resistance is an international health security issue that needs coordinated regional, national, and international approaches. In France, the first antimicrobial resistance programme was launched in 2002, when data from the European surveillance network showed France had troubling rates of antibiotic consumption and resistance. This programme, mainly based on a public national awareness campaign, was widely adopted. Subsequently, antibiotic use in the community decreased by 26%.1 Surveillance was also strengthened through the development of national reference centres and surveillance networks for antimicrobial use and resistance coordinated by the National Institute of Public Health.