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[Comment] Tocolysis and preterm labour

With 15 million premature babies born worldwide every year, premature birth is the biggest problem in obstetrics.1 It is not only the most common reason that newborn babies die,1 but is also an important cause of long-term brain, bowel, lung, and eye damage. Antenatal steroids reduce the risk of lung disease, intracranial bleeding, and death2 and magnesium sulphate reduces cerebral palsy.3 Obstetricians often also prescribe uterine relaxant, or tocolytic, drugs to delay birth, albeit without much evidence to support this practice.

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