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[Correspondence] Protecting children against Japanese encephalitis in Bali, Indonesia

Japanese encephalitis is a zoonosis and a mosquito-borne flaviviral disease. Culex species mosquitoes thrive in rice fields and transmit the virus from their natural hosts, primarily pigs, to humans; children younger than 15 years who reside in endemic areas are particularly at risk of infection. Japanese encephalitis virus infection is relatively rare;1 however, when clinical manifestations do occur, the prognosis is often poor, with a third of infected individuals retaining neurological sequelae, and a third dying from the infection.