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[Correspondence] Severe hydrocarbon pneumonitis in African refugees after fuel ingestion

Recent wars have increased the number of displaced individuals to about 60 million people worldwide. This displacement has led to the European refugee crisis, with more than 1 million migrants moving across the Mediterranean Sea in 2015 to seek asylum in Europe.1 With approval from the ethics commission based at University Hospital Klinikum rechts der Isar Munich, Germany (EC approval number 323/16), we report three cases of severe toxic pneumonitis in young male black African refugees: a 16-year-old Somalian and an 18-year-old Ethiopian, both applying for asylum in Germany; and a 21-year-old Eritrean, applying for asylum in the USA (appendix).