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[Editorial] Advancing China’s health and medical science

The Lancet and the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences (CAMS) held the first of what will become their annual Health Summit in Beijing last week. More than 500 delegates, most from China, participated. 30 research abstracts were selected from among 600 submissions for oral presentation, together with around 100 posters. Four keynote speeches highlighted critical aspects of China’s endeavour to achieve universal health coverage by 2020: Nanshan Zhong spoke about the continuing threat of air pollution and chronic airway diseases; Wang Yu described the neglected challenge of hepatitis B and C; Richard Peto set out a comprehensive strategy to halve premature mortality; and Xuetao Cao presented a manifesto for strengthening the scientific capacity of China to meet the needs of its 1·3 billion people.