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[Editorial] Introducing EU-wide surveillance of Lyme neuroborreliosis

On June 22, 2018, the European Commission issued an updated list of communicable diseases to be covered by epidemiological surveillance in the EU. This list now includes Lyme neuroborreliosis, the neurological manifestation of Lyme borreliosis, which is caused by tick-borne Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato infection. The decision authorises the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) to begin monitoring the EU-wide distribution of Lyme neuroborreliosis cases.