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[Editorial] Nipah virus control needs more than R&D

An infectious disease outbreak in south India that has left at least 16 people dead has brought the world’s attention to a little-known health threat: the Nipah virus. An emerging zoonotic virus whose natural host is the Pteropus fruit bat, Nipah virus was first recognised in the late 1990s when an outbreak in pigs in Malaysia and Singapore moved to humans, killing 106 people.