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[Editorial] The death of AIDS—expected or exaggerated?

In advance of World AIDS Day on Dec 1, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention highlighted a survey suggesting that 34% of primary care doctors and nurses in the USA were unaware that pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) can prevent HIV infection. Evidence has shown that daily emtricitabine–tenofovir could prevent up to 92% of HIV infections, and this treatment is recommended in the USA for high-risk groups, including some men who have sex with men and injection drug users. The urgent need for broad awareness, provision, and use of PrEP and other preventive interventions is illustrated by the 2 million new HIV infections that are anticipated, worldwide, each year.