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[Essay] Tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS: the alien and the predator

In 1919, the fight against tuberculosis was declared a national policy by the Bolshevik Party because the morbidity had become very high and many revolutionaries, including Stalin and the KGB founder Dzerzhinsky, had developed tuberculosis during their incarceration for opposing Tsar ruling. Yet not until the 1960s, after the Civil War and World War 2, was a Soviet strategy against tuberculosis finally structured. The strategy included regular and free Mantoux tuberculin skin tests and chest fluorographic imaging, and free care was provided through a system of tuberculosis clinics and so-called dispensaries (outpatient facilities).