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Guideline for the diagnosis and management of hypertension in adults — 2016

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Blood pressure (BP) is an important common modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease. In 2014–15, 6 million adult Australians were hypertensive (BP ≥ 140/90 mmHg) or were taking BP-lowering medication.1 Hypertension is more common in those with lower household incomes and in regional areas of Australia (http://heartfoundation.org.au/about-us/what-we-do/heart-disease-in-australia/high-blood-pressure-statistics). Many Australians have untreated hypertension, including a significant proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.1

Cardiovascular diseases are associated with a high level of health care expenditure.2 Controlled BP is associated with lower risks of stroke, coronary heart disease, chronic kidney disease, heart failure and death. Small reductions in BP (1–2 mmHg) are known to markedly reduce population cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.3,4


The National Blood Pressure and Vascular Disease Advisory Committee, an expert committee of the National Heart Foundation of Australia, has updated the Guide to management of hypertension 2008: assessing and…