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Human papillomavirus vaccination and genital warts in young Indigenous Australians: national sentinel surveillance data

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The known The Australian HPV vaccination program has led to significant declines in a number of HPV-related conditions, including diagnoses of genital warts in young women and heterosexual men at sexual health clinics. 

The new We found marked declines in the proportions of young Indigenous women and men attending sexual health clinics for the first time who were diagnosed with genital warts following introduction of the HPV vaccination program, similar to declines among non-Indigenous young women and men. 

The implications Sustained high HPV vaccine coverage rates and monitoring are needed to close the gap between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians in the rates of cervical and other HPV-related cancers in older women. 

The Australian national human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination program commenced in April 2007. Free vaccination was provided to 12–13-year-old girls in schools; this was supplemented by a 3-year catch-up program for 13–18-year-old girls in schools and for 18–26-year-old women through family doctors in July 2007.1 In 2013, boys were added to the program, providing free HPV vaccination to 12–13-year-old boys in schools and, for 2 years, a…