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Look no further than GPs for Medical Home

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GPs already perform many of the functions of a Medical Home, and should be at the centre of any move to formalise such an arrangement in Australia, the AMA has said.

As Health Minister Sussan Ley contemplates the findings and recommendations of the primary health review led by former AMA President Dr Steve Hambleton, the AMA has issued a Position Statement advising that any proposal to adopt a Medical Home approach in Australia must have GPs at its core.

Internationally, the term Medical Home is used to refer to a model of primary care that is patient-centred, comprehensive, team-based, coordinated, accessible and focused on quality and safety.

AMA Vice President Dr Stephen Parnis said in Australia these attributes were already embodied in general practice.

“The concept of the Medical Home already exists in Australia, to some extent, in the form of a patient’s usual GP,” Dr Parnis said. “If there is to be a formalised Medical Home concept in Australia, it must be general practice. GPs are the only primary health practitioners with the skills and training to provide holistic care for patients.”

Evidence suggest patients with a usual GP or Medical Home have better health outcomes, and 93 per cent of Australians have a usual general practice, and 66 per cent have a family doctor.

Dr Parnis said the Medical Home concept had the potential to deliver improved support for GPs in providing well-coordinated and integrated multi-disciplinary care for patients with chronic and complex disease, and it made sense for this to be the focus of Government thinking on adopting the Medical Home idea in Australia.

“You can’t just transplant models of health care from other countries without acknowledgement of local conditions and what is already working well,” he said.

“Australia needs to build on what works, and ensure that a local version of the Medical Home is well-designed and relevant.”

The AMA said this should involve additional funding to enable GPs to deliver comprehensive and ongoing care, including patient education, improved coordination and targeting of services, and activity that does not require face-to-face contact.

Establishing a Medical Home arrangement in Australia was likely to involve formally linking a patient with their nominated GP or medical practice through registration, and the AMA said this should be voluntary for both patients and doctors.

In addition, the peak medical group said fee-for-service must remain the predominant funding mechanism for doctors, though it acknowledged that the Medical Home could also involve a blended funding model that rewarded the delivery of services over a period of time.

The AMA Position Statement on the Medical Home can be viewed at: position-statement/ama-position-statement-medical-home

Adrian Rollins