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[Perspectives] Distorted memories: literary perspectives on HM and ethics

Few stories from neuroscience have grabbed the public imagination more than that of an American amnesiac known in published research only by his initials, HM. In 1953, when Henry Molaison was 27 years old, neurosurgeon William Scoville did a medial temporal lobotomy to alleviate his epilepsy. After the operation, Molaison could no longer form long-term memories. For the next five decades he lived in a perpetual present, while research on his brain transformed the understanding of memory.