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[Perspectives] Malaria

In 1866 a newly qualified Aberdonian doctor, Patrick Manson, followed his older brother into the Chinese Imperial Maritime Customs Service. After a decade in the service Manson retired to Scotland, but in the early 1890s he was forced back into practice by a currency crash that wiped out his Chinese pension. Drawing on his experiences in east Asia, he began to concentrate on the study of tropical diseases, developing an ecological approach in which bacteriology and pathology were combined with entomology and geography.