[Perspectives] Trepanned cranium
Trepanned skulls and crania have long appalled and fascinated their observers. Some skulls with multiple trepan sites, performed over a period of time and showing long-term wound healing, pose intriguing questions. These can be hard to answer when the human remains date from a time or culture about which little can be known directly of medical practices, ideas of disease, or social structures of care. Trepanation has a notable history in the western medical tradition, hallowed by Hippocratic and Galenic textual discussions and Roman instruments.