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[Perspectives] Voice-hearing in 19th-century psychiatry

The roots of many current psychiatric concepts can be found in the 19th century, including the view that auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs) are phenomenologically different from other kinds of “false” beliefs and experiences. This way of understanding voice-hearing only gradually emerged in the late 19th century. During the early decades of psychiatry, doctors did not always differentiate between a patient hearing an external voice or feeling as if they were being communicated to or commanded by an imagined entity.