Young-onset colorectal cancer in New South Wales: a population-based study
The known The incidence of young-onset colorectal cancer (yCRC) is increasing in developed countries.
The new The incidence of yCRC is currently stable in NSW. Rectal and distal colon cancer is more common in younger patients. Cancer-specific survival is better for younger than for older patients, despite more advanced disease at diagnosis.
The implications 6% of all CRC occurs in people under 50 years of age, who are not eligible for the National Bowel Cancer Screening Program. Health professionals should be alert to alarm symptoms in younger patients that would allow earlier detection and treatment of CRC.
In 2012, more than 1.3 million people had colorectal cancer (CRC) worldwide, and there were 694 000 associated deaths.1 While the incidence of CRC is increasing rapidly in countries with transitioning economies, probably because of increased exposure to risk factors associated with rising prosperity, including dietary and lifestyle factors,2 it appears to have plateaued in developed countries.3,4 However, recent studies in the United States and Europe